Dynamic css grid

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I was recently working on a modern take of the blogroll. The idea was to offer readers a selection of latest posts from those blogs in a magazine-style layout, instead of just popping a list of our favorite blogs in the sidebar.

The easy part was grabbing a list of posts with excerpts from our favorite RSS feeds. For that, we used a WordPress plugin, Feedzy litewhich can aggregate multiple feeds into a single time-ordered list — perfect for showcasing their latest offerings.

The hard part was making it all look awesome. This seems like an ideal case for CSS Grid! Create a grid layout for different layouts, say, one five-column layout and one three-column layout, then use media queries to switch between them at different break points.

The approach sounded tempting, but when I started introducing column-spanning elements, I ran into trouble with the grid overflowing on narrow screens. Media queries appeared to be the only solution.

That is, until I found a workaround! I want to make the grid do both: create a fully responsive fluid layout that includes responsively resizing multi-column elements as well.

This magazine-style grid layout is fully responsive with the colored featured panels adjusting dynamically as the number of columns change. The page displays around 50 posts, but the layout code is agnostic as to the number of items displayed. Ramp up the plugin to show items and the layout stays interesting all the way down. All of this is achieved using only CSS and with only a single media query to deal with a single column display on the narrowest of screens i. Incredibly, this layout only took 21 lines of CSS excluding global content styling.

The essential elements of the code that produce this layout is incredibly short and a testament to the awesomeness of CSS Grid:. The techniques in this article could be used equally well to style any dynamically generated content such as the output from a latest posts widget, archive pages or search results.

I have set up seventeen items displaying a variety of mock content — headlines, images and excerpts — which are all contained in a wrapper. Notice how the heights of the rows automatically adjust to accommodate the tallest content in the row. If you change the width of the Pen, you will see the items grow and shrink fluidly and the number of columns change from one to five, respectively.

However, this would create five columns that grow and shrink with different screen widths, but always stay at five columns, resulting in them becoming ridiculously narrow on small screens.

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The first thought might be to create a bunch of media queries and redefine the grid with different numbers of columns. That would work fine, but with the auto-fit keyword, it is all done automatically.

For auto-fit to work the way we want, we need to use the minmax function. This tells the browser how small the columns can be squeezed down to followed by the maximum width they can expand to. Any smaller, and it will automatically reduce the number of columns. Any larger, and the number of columns increases. In this example, the browser will fit in as many columns as it can px wide. Drag the window out and as the available space increases the columns all grow equally to use up any additional space.The following examples include an image of how the example should look in a supporting browser, they each link to a page with more information about the technique being shown, code and a CodePen of the example.

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Unless otherwise noted these examples work in any browser supporting the up to date Grid Specification. They will not work in IE10 or For page layout examples see a collection of page layouts here. The examples The following examples include an image of how the example should look in a supporting browser, they each link to a page with more information about the technique being shown, code and a CodePen of the example.

You can then create column and row tracks. The span keyword gives us a way to span tracks without needing to specify start and end lines. You can give lines the same name and then use the span keyword to target lines of a certain name. Items sit in their own rows on the grid therefore we do not need to clear them as with floats.

As our layout is defined in CSS we can redefine the grid using media queries. Placement of items on the grid can be separate to their order in the source. Items can be stacked, and the stacking order controlled with z-index.

Grid will position grid items automatically on a grid created on the parent. Items are placed in rows by default but you can specify to layout by column. When using repeat notation you can use auto-fill rather than an integer to create as many tracks as will fill the container. When using Named Areas implicit named lines are automatically created. A grid that contains as many pixel column tracks as will fit into the container with the remaining space shared equally between the columns. Using minmax to make the first column stretch after placing all three column tracks.

Joomla, CSS Grid and Dynamic Content

The total size of the tracks is smaller than the size of the grid container. Using space-around and space-between may make grid areas and gutters larger than anticipated. Using minmax to create tracks that grow proportionally with multiple track listings. An example to demonstrate the difference between the auto-fill and auto-fit keywords in repeat notation.

The subgrid value is used for grid-template-columns and grid-template-rows. The subgrid value is used for grid-template-columns. The rows are created as an implicit grid. The subgrid value is used for grid-template-rows. The columns are created as a normal track listing. The subgrid inherits the gap of the parent but it can be changed in the subgrid. If you define line names on the parent, these are passed into the subgrid and can be used to position things.CSS Grid Layout excels at dividing a page into major regions or defining the relationship in terms of size, position, and layer, between parts of a control built from HTML primitives.

Like tables, grid layout enables an author to align elements into columns and rows.

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However, many more layouts are either possible or easier with CSS grid than they were with tables. For example, a grid container's child elements could position themselves so they actually overlap and layer, similar to CSS positioned elements. The example below shows a three-column track grid with new rows created at a minimum of pixels and a maximum of auto.

Items have been placed onto the grid using line-based placement. Get the latest and greatest from MDN delivered straight to your inbox. Sign in to enjoy the benefits of an MDN account. CSS data type denotes a flexible length within a grid container. It is used in grid-template-columns, grid-template-rows and other related properties. Last modified: Feb 17,by MDN contributors. Related Topics.

Learn the best of web development Get the latest and greatest from MDN delivered straight to your inbox. The newsletter is offered in English only at the moment.

Sign up now. Sign in with Github Sign in with Google. Added subgrids. CSS Grid Layout.Want to create a flexbox based masonry grid layout using CSS? Previously I have shared a masonry image gridbut this is with dynamic image add and remove features.

Basically, Masonry is a grid layout based on columns. Masonry layout optimizes the use of space inside the web page by reducing any unnecessary gaps. Without this type of layoutcertain restrictions are required to maintain the structure of the layout. I am sure that you have seen this type of layout on many websites.

dynamic css grid

Basically, there is 6 images grid at first, Each column has 2 images one small and one big in height. At the bottom, there are 2 buttons for add and remove columns. When you will click on the add button then image columns will insert dynamically and if you click on the remove button then the grid column will disappear one by one.

The grid layout completely based on CSS flexbox but the image insert and delete feature is based on JS. There is no library or frameworks like jQuery or anything else.

You can use this on any image sharing website or on the portfolio section. If you are thinking now how this flexbox image grids actually are, then see the preview given below. Now you can see this visually, also you can see it live by pressing the button given above. If you like this, then get the source code of its.

CSS Grid Layout

First I have the main div and put another div, 6 imagesand 2 buttons inside the div. And Inside the button, I have placed simple plus and minus text. Now using CSS I have placed all the elements in the right place, as you can see in the preview.

Using CSS I have done many things like margin, padding, position, border, etc. Also using CSS : nth - child property I gave heights to all the images randomly. JavaScript is here only to remove and adding images. All the images are powered by unsplash. Random images come with no like 1,2,3, etc after the slash, we have to put a number with an increment for getting more new random images. And there I have created a function for adding image on click and remove the image on the minus button click.

For creating this program you have to create 3 files. Follow the steps to creating this without any error. If you have any doubt or question comment down below.The CSS Grid Layout Module offers a grid-based layout system, with rows and columns, making it easier to design web pages without having to use floats and positioning.

An HTML element becomes a grid container when its display property is set to grid or inline-grid. The grid-gap property is a shorthand property for the grid-row-gap and the grid-column-gap properties:.

The grid-gap property can also be used to set both the row gap and the column gap in one value:. If you want to report an error, or if you want to make a suggestion, do not hesitate to send us an e-mail:. Margins Margin Collapse.

Float Clear Float Examples. Navbar Vertical Navbar Horizontal Navbar. Example The grid-column-gap property sets the gap between the columns:.

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Example The grid-row-gap property sets the gap between the rows:. Example The grid-gap property is a shorthand property for the grid-row-gap and the grid-column-gap properties:. Example The grid-gap property can also be used to set both the row gap and the column gap in one value:. Example Place a grid item at column line 1, and let it end on column line Example Place a grid item at row line 1, and let it end on row line HOW TO.

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While using this site, you agree to have read and accepted our terms of usecookie and privacy policy. Copyright by Refsnes Data. All Rights Reserved. Powered by W3.If you have been writing CSS for a while, you must have at some point in time felt the need for variables. However, when used properly, they can be so much more than just variables. Before we begin to discuss CSS custom properties, it should be noted that for a long time now, CSS has had a sort of variable, and that is the currentColor keyword.

This rarely used but widely supported variable, refers to the current color value of an element. It can be used on any declaration that accepts a color value, and it cascades perfectly. After long being requested by developers, a draft for an interpretation of native variables for CSS was written. This enables you to store color codes, sizes with all of the known units, or just integers if needed e. The syntax for CSS custom properties is a bit weird compared to other languages, but it makes a whole lot of sense if you compare their syntax with other features in the same CSS ecosystem:.

They work exactly the same way as any other CSS property […]. We can retrieve the value of the custom property using the var function, which we can use everywhere except for selectors, property names, or media query declarations.

What does this mean? It means that they are preserved in the actual CSS stylesheet. So the notion that they are variables will remain even after the stylesheets are compiled.

To make it more clear, let me illustrate the situation using some examples. The following block of code is part of a SASS stylesheet:. So, for example, if we change the value of --value using something like JavaScript, the value will update in every instance where it is called using the var function.

dynamic css grid

The capabilities of custom properties make this feature so powerful that you can even do things like autoprefixing. Lea Verou sets an example using the clip-path property.

So how can this be overcome? This is where PostCSS, and its plugin, postcss-css-variablescomes into play. With the postcss-css-variables plugin, and its preserve option set to true, we can keep all the var function declarations in the output and have the computed value as a fallback declaration. It also keeps the computed --var declarations. For example:.

CSS Grid Course

Say you have a light theme and want to switch it to a dark theme, assuming you have some CSS like the following:. You can update the --text-color and --background-color custom properties by doing the following:. Over the years of development and discussion regarding the specifications of CSS Custom Properties, some interesting use cases have emerged.

Here are a few examples:. Theming: Using a set of themes for a site is rather easy when implementing CSS variables. Want a light or dark variation of your current style?

dynamic css grid

Spacing tune-ups: Need to fine-tune the spacing of a site, say a gutter between columns?Learn Development at Frontend Masters. One of the most powerful and convenient CSS Grid features is that, in addition to explicit column sizing, we have the option to repeat-to-fill columns in a Grid, and then auto-place items in them. More specifically, our ability to specify how many columns we want in the grid and then letting the browser handle the responsiveness of those columns for us, showing fewer columns on smaller viewport sizes, and more columns as the screen estate allows for more, without needing to write a single media query to dictate this responsive behavior.

This magical, media-query-less responsiveness is achieved using the repeat function and the auto placement keywords. To summarize, the repeat function allows you to repeat columns as many times as needed. The 1fr is what tells the browser to distribute the space between the columns so that each column equally gets one fraction of that space. And the grid will, in this example, always have 12 columns regardless of how wide it is.

This, as you have probably guessed, is not good enough, as the content will be too squished on smaller viewports. We can do that using the minmax function.

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But the way CSS Grid works, this will cause overflow in the row. These keywords tell the browser to handle the column sizing and element wrapping for us, so that the elements will wrap into rows when the width is not large enough to fit them in without any overflow.

At first glace of the names, it might seem like auto-fill and auto-fit are opposites. But in fact, the difference between is quite subtle. Maybe it seems like you are getting extra space at the end of the column with auto-fit. But when and how? In a recent CSS workshop, I summarized the difference between auto-fill and auto-fit as follows:.

The newly added columns can and may be empty, but they will still occupy a designated space in the row. This may sound confusing at first, but it makes a lot more sense when you visualize this behavior. The columns are defined using the repeat function and have a minimum width of px, and a maximum set to 1frso that they would expand and equally share any extra space when it is available.

The browser will place and size the columns in the first example using the auto-fill keyword, and it will use auto-fit for the second.